Daruma (Bodhidharma) was a Zen Buddhist monk who lived during the 5-6th centuries. It is told that Daruma came from India to China and transmitted the Zen Buddhism. After the audience with the Emperor Wu of Liang Dynasty, Daruma travelled to the Shaolin Temple. It is said that Daruma sat meditating on a rock, facing a stone wall, for nine years in the cave of the temple. Or in one legend, Eka (Huike) kept begging to become a disciple while Daruma had refused. Eka cut off his own left arm to show him firm determination, and finally Daruma allowed him to become a pupil.
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