Yamamoto Baiitsu (1783 - 1856)
Nanga and Bunjin style painter at the latter part of the Edo period.
Baiitsu was born in Nagoya of Owari Province as a son of Yamamoto Ariemon, engraver.
When Baiitsu was 13 years old, his father died, and, his family was deprived.
Even though, his mother was enthusiastic about educating her son, she teached
him Japanese Waka poem.
Baiitsu liked painting from his childhood, he started studying painting
under Yamamoto Rantei at first.
Rantei spotted the Baiitsu's potential and he made Baiitsu to be a pupil
of Cho Gessho.
Later, Kamiya Tenyu, wealthy merchant, patron of artists in Owari area
and collector of antique drawings, gave sanctuary to Baiitsu.
Tenyu coached him how to paint, and also permitted to see his collection
for Baiitsu to gain skills.
In these days, Baiitsu met Nakabayashi Chikudo who was 7 years older and
was going to become a sworn friend of him.
In 1802, their benefactor Tenyu died, Baiitsu and Chikudo went to Kyoto.
They copied out old paintings displayed in the temples and shrines in Kyoto
to caltivate their skills.
Though, they could not become popular in the Kyoto circle of painters at
They once came back to Nagoya, however, Baiitsu went to Kyoto again in
Baiitsu was admitted as a master painter at this time.
He had relationships with Rai Sanyo and Yanagawa Seigan and others.
Based in Kyoto, Baiitsu traveled to every regeon in Japan.
When he was in Edo, he collaborated with Tani Buncho, another master painter
In 1854, Baiitsu was appointed to be an official painter of Owari Domain
and he came back to Nagoya.
Baiitsu was good at painting Sansui landscape views and flowers & birds.
Now, he is generally categorized as Nanga style painter.
However, he established his own original, exquisite and concinnous painting
style as he was influenced by several styles such as realism of the Maruyama-Shijo
school and techniques of Chinese old paintings.