Gozan was born near Toyama Castle in Etchu Province (present Toyama Prefecture).
His real given name was Kumataro.
Other pseudonyms of him are Itsuoh and Junsen.
Gozan went to Nagasaki and studied the Nanga style painting under Tetsuoh
Somon (Zen Buddhist painter) and also Kinoshita Itsuun.
In 1867, at the end part of the reign of the Tokugawa Shogunate, he traveled
to China and acquired Chinese painting techniques.
After the Meiji Restoration in 1868, Gozan became a Christian and preached
the gospel actively.
In his late life, he went back to Toyama and made many drawings in the
he deceased in the 6th year of the Taisho era at the age of 74.